World Bank approves $500 Million to improve rural water supply and sanitation services in four Indian states
Jan 15, 2014
The World Bank has approved a $500 million credit for the Rural Water Supply and Sanitation (RWSS) Project for Low Income States to improve piped water supply and sanitation services through decentralized delivery systems in the Indian states of Assam, Bihar, Jharkhand and Uttar Pradesh.
Today, only 31 % of the 167 million rural households in India have access to tap water and domestic toilets (Census 2011). About 67 % of the rural population continues to defecate in the open and India accounts for about 50 % of the world’s open defecation.
The project will be implemented over a six-year period and will support the design and implementation of a dedicated RWSS program for low income states under the ongoing National Rural Drinking Water Program in the Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation (MoDWS). Phase 1 of the project, approved by the World Bank Board, will support RWSS programs in 33 districts in the states of Assam, Bihar, Jharkhand and Uttar Pradesh. These states have the lowest coverage of tap water with Bihar at 2.6 %, Jharkhand at 3.7 %, Assam with 6.8 % and Uttar Pradesh at 20.2 %. Bihar, Jharkhand and Uttar Pradesh also lag significantly in sanitation, with more than 75 % of the rural households not having access to latrines within their premises. This project is expected to directly benefit about 7.8 million rural people in these states.
"Some 3.8 million women, who bear the burden of securing daily water supplies and dealing with illnesses from poor water and sanitation facilities, are expected to benefit from improved facilities that will get created in the project areas. The project will reduce the time spent by women in collecting water, which they can now use in other productive ways," said Onno Ruhl, World Bank country director for India. "The World Bank’s Country Partnership Strategy is focused on promoting decentralized and community-based participatory approaches in delivering water and sanitation services. This project will pilot schemes at the local level where the capacity of Gram Panchayats (GPs) will be enhanced, and, together with the Village Water Supply and Sanitation Committees, they will be empowered and enabled to make decisions, procure material, carry out construction and manage funds," Ruhl added.
This is in keeping with the government of India’s long-term strategy of covering 90% of the rural population with piped water supply through decentralized governance, participatory planning, and by improving water sources and schemes. Studies suggest that the economic impact of inadequate sanitation in India is equivalent to 6.4% of GDP in 2006. Under the Nirmal Bharat Abhiyan or the Clean India Campaign, the government is incentivizing Open Defecation Free Villages by giving cash support to households for constructing toilets with an emphasis on Solid and Liquid Waste Management programs for achieving clean villages.
The World Bank has been supporting the government of India in piloting and scaling up RWSS Programs since 1991, contributing more than $1.4 billion and benefitting about 24 million rural households in over 15,000 villages. This project will support sustainable RWSS programs by linking GPs with higher levels of government and strengthening the capacity of PRI institutions; integrating water supply and sanitation interventions and promoting solid and liquid waste management and health and hygiene awareness programs.
Other key components of the project include investments for improving water supply and sanitation coverage, including construction of new infrastructure and rehabilitation of existing schemes. Most habitations will be served by Single Village Schemes (SVSs) using local groundwater sources. Multi Village Schemes (MVSs), which mainly rely on surface water sources, will be taken up for those habitations where the local source is either not sustainable or not of acceptable quality.
The sanitation component will support construction of soak-pits, drain and lane improvements, community awareness programs for improving sanitation and hygiene practices, along with incentives for achieving ‘open defecation free' status. In addition, the project will promote pilot programs for 24/7 water supply and introduce new technologies in the RWSS sector, including the use of solar energy.
"One of the major shifts that the four states will witness is the decentralized service delivery arrangements and increased participation by the PRIs and communities. This is expected to help enhance accountability at all levels. The project will also get into ‘twinning’ arrangements with successful on-going Bank supported RWSS projects in India and learn from the good practices that they have already demonstrated," said Smita Misra, lead water and sanitation specialist and the project’s task team leader.
The Project will be financed by a credit from the International Development Association (IDA) – the World Bank’s concessionary lending arm – which provides interest-free loans with 25 years to maturity and a grace period of five years.
More News and Articles
Mar 29, 2023
Water management: Spain invests nearly 23 billion euros
The Spanish government improves its water management and will invest nearly 23 billion euros to comply with European Water Directives.
Mar 27, 2023
UN World Water Day 2023: How municipalities can accelerate the water transformation
The United Nations is proclaiming the motto “Accelerating Change” for World Water Day on 22 March. The message: because the pressure on drinking water reserves is increasing worldwide, the change towards sustainable water use must be accelerated.
Mar 24, 2023
Innovative technologies remove pharmaceutical residues from wastewater
Every year on 22 March, World Water Day reminds us of the importance of one of the most important resources of life. Almost two-thirds of our planet is covered with water, but not even three percent is drinkable freshwater. Every …
Mar 22, 2023
Delivering sustainable solutions to solve water challenges
With British Water’s conference on creating a more sustainable water sector approaching, Stephen Kennedy, head of digital and innovation at MWH Treatment shares his views on celebrating recent successes in creating a more sustainable sector while also discussing the challenge …
Mar 20, 2023
Supporting the National Water Strategy through scientific research
This month, the federal government of Germany introduced the first National Water Strategy. “With this strategy, the federal government is shining a spotlight on the necessity of integrated water resource management, serving as a leading example of resource use in …
Mar 17, 2023
Trenchless manufacturer celebrates installation of 100,000th liner
SAERTEX multiCom®’s trenchless pipe relining product, SAERTEX-LINER, has been installed for the 100,000th time.
Mar 15, 2023
Versatile electric pipe-cutter makes UK debut
The first all-electric battery-operated lateral pipe-cutter to enter the UK market has secured sole distribution with pipeline equipment specialist Ant Hire Solutions.
Mar 13, 2023
Spring collaborates with Microsoft and Impact X on water innovation
The water sector’s innovation centre of excellence – Spring - is collaborating with Microsoft and Impact X on a new initiative to make tools and funding available for start-ups to accelerate their companies.
Mar 10, 2023
State of Global Water Resources report informs on rivers, land water storage and glaciers
WMO reports on freshwater availability in a changing climate
Mar 08, 2023
Australia: Centenarian sewer gets after-dark upgrade
Over 100 years since its inception, Brisbane’s S1 Main Sewer has undergone a seven-year upgrade.
Mar 06, 2023
UKWIR gives access to hundreds of water sector research reports
UK Water Industry Research (UKWIR) is providing free access to over 1,000 of its water sector research reports aimed at helping to improve water and wastewater services for customers, and protecting the environment.
Mar 03, 2023
Sector must challenge public misconceptions through engagement
The water sector must tackle “unfair criticisms” by sharing more about the great work it delivers, Yorkshire Water’s chief executive, Nicola Shaw, told attendees at British Water’s Better Together reception in Hull.
The World Bank
1818 H Street, NW
20433 Washington, DC