Onsite Assembly Fits Up with Robbins EPB
Mar 01, 2010
Build of Mexico's Largest TBM Completed in Eight Weeks
The giant machine for the ICA Consortium (ICA, CARSO, and Alstom) was assembled at the jobsite in a 17 m deep launch shaft. Crews assembled the machine in a concrete cradle at the shaft bottom, using gantry cranes to lower in components including the forward and rear shields, cutterhead, and screw conveyor. Testing of all sub-assemblies is currently underway.
The machine is the first-ever EPB TBM to be assembled at the jobsite using Onsite First Time Assembly (OFTA). The Robbins-developed process allows TBMs to be built initially on location, rather than in a manufacturing facility - a process that eliminates in-shop assembly and disassembly time as well as costs for shipping larger, partially assembled components. "With proper project management and fit up of components, OFTA can save about 70 - 80% of the time required for a similar assembly at a shop," said Ismail Benamar, Tunnel Manager for ICA.
The small launch shaft, approximately 34 m long by 14 m wide, is located in one of the most densely urban areas of the city. Machine launch in the tight space will require the TBM to excavate the first 70 m of tunnel using umbilical cables connected to back-up gantries on the surface. Gantries will be lowered into the shaft successively as the machine bores forward.
Ground conditions in Mexico City are unique, requiring extensive vibration monitoring. Layers of clay, sand, and boulders up to 800 mm (30 inches) in diameter are expected, as the area is part of a drained lake bed. The machine is uniquely designed to fit the conditions, utilizing a two-stage, 1,200 mm (4 ft) diameter ribbon-type screw conveyor to handle the large boulders. The machine will also feature active articulation, used to prevent deformation of the segment rings on curves as small as 250 m (820 ft).
In 2007, the Mexican Federal District announced plans to build Line 12 of the Mexico City Metro. Due to go online in 2011, the 24 km (15 mi) long route will pass through 22 new stations between Tlahuac and Mixcoac neighborhoods. The Mexico City metro is one of the world's largest, with over 200 km (125 mi) of rail and nearly 4 million daily passengers.
The Robbins Company
29100 Hall Street
Solon, OH 44139, USA
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44139 Solon, OH. USA
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